Fondu Cement Where To Buy
Calcium aluminate cements are cements consisting predominantly of hydraulic calcium aluminates. Alternative names are "aluminous cement", "high-alumina cement" and "Ciment fondu" in French. They are used in a number of small-scale, specialized applications.
fondu cement where to buy
The method of making cement from limestone and low-silica bauxite was patented in France in 1908 by Bied of the Pavin de Lafarge Company. The initial development was as a result of the search for a cement offering sulfate resistance. The cement was known as "Ciment fondu" in French. Subsequently, its other special properties were discovered, and these led to its future in niche applications.
The main constituent, and also the most reactive phase, of calcium aluminate cements is the monocalcium aluminate (CaAl2O4 = CaO Al2O3, also written as CA in the cement chemist notation). It usually contains other calcium aluminates as well as a number of less reactive phases deriving from impurities in the raw materials. Rather a wide range of compositions is encountered, depending on the application and the purity of aluminium source used. Constituents of some typical formulations include:
The cement is made by fusing together a mixture of a calcium-bearing material (normally calcium oxide from limestone) and an aluminium-bearing material (normally bauxite for general purposes, or refined alumina for white and refractory cements). The liquified mixture cools to a vesicular, basalt-like clinker which is ground alone to produce the finished product. Because complete melting usually takes place, raw materials in lump-form can be used. A typical kiln arrangement comprises a reverberatory furnace provided with a shaft preheater in which the hot exhaust gases pass upward as the lump raw material mix passes downward. The preheater recuperates most of the heat in the combustion gases, dehydrates and de-hydroxylates the bauxite and de-carbonates the limestone. The calcined material drops into the "cool end" of the melt bath. The melt overflows the hot end of the furnace into molds in which it cools and solidifies. The system is fired with pulverized coal or oil. The cooled clinker ingots are crushed and ground in a ball-mill. In the case of high-alumina refractory cements, where the mix only sinters, a rotary kiln can be used.
The hydration reactions of calcium aluminate cements are very complex. The strength-developing phases are monocalcium aluminate (CA), dodeca-calcium hepta-aluminate (C12A7), and belite (C2S), a dicalcium silicate. Calcium aluminoferrite (C4AF), monocalcium dialuminate (CA2), gehlenite and pleochroite contribute little to the concrete strength.
During the cement setting, the reactive aluminates react with water initially to form a mixture of hydrated phases expressed hereunder in normal oxide notation and also abbreviated in the more compact cement chemist notation (CCN) (CaO = C; Al2O3 = A; H2O = H; and SiO2 = S):
The first two hydrates subsequently decompose to a mixture of 3 CaO Al2O3 6 H2O, Al(OH)3 gel, and water, this process being called "conversion". Because of the loss of water, conversion causes an increase in porosity, which can be accompanied by a decrease in concrete strength. This need not be a problem in structural concrete provided that a sufficiently high cement content and a sufficiently low water/cement ratio are employed.
The inappropriate use of calcium aluminate cements as a common construction material without special precautions (because of its poor implementation with a too low cement content and a too high water/cement ratio) has led to severe structural stability problems in buildings, especially during the 1970 years when this type of cement was used because of its faster hardening properties. After a few years some[quantify] of the buildings and structures collapsed due to degradation of the cement and many had to be torn down or reinforced. Heat and humidity accelerate the degradation process called "conversion" (see the section hereabove mentioning the drastic volumetric changes affecting some of the hydration products).
Ciment Fondu is a hydraulic binder with an alumina content of approximately 40%. Composed mainly of calcium aluminate phases, Ciment Fondu is ideally suited for refractory and construction chemistry applications. The primary mineralogical phase is calcium aluminate (CaAl2O4), which imparts excellent mechanical strength to mortars and concretes. Despite a 16% iron oxide content, Ciment Fondu is suitable for refractory applications where iron oxide can be tolerated (non-reducing atmospheres). Ciment Fondu is also recommended for use in products requiring rapid hardening, resistance to abrasion, mechanical shock, intermediate temperature exposure or where other high performance properties are required of cement..
With 17 branches in key locations our customers are assured of better service wherever they are. All of our branches are long established local businesses which have been serving trade, self build and the general public for many years.
Ideal for both casting and sculpting, Ciment Fondu is widely used by sculptors because it is extremely hard and quick setting and gives superb detail. Using Ciment Fondu and a stone aggregate for a concrete mix has replaced stone for certain types of work. Because it is cheap, hard, tough, and durable, it is particularly suitable for large outdoor projects, especially decorative wall surfaces and with proper reinforcement it permits great freedom of design. By using techniques similar to those of the building industry, sculptors are able to create works in concrete on a large scale.
The mix of Firebrick Grog which is a refractory or heat resistant aggregate, mixed with a heat resistant cement, like Cement Fondu, is often referred to as castable, which is suitable for making pizza ovens and other outdoor ovens.
Shree Harikrushna Industries experience from 2009, we have made a mark for ourselves as a prominent manufacturer and supplier of quality Refractory Cement, Aluminous Cement and Alumina Refractory Binder Cement. We stringently follow the standards of cement production in our manufacturing process, which enables us to deliver products that score high on parameters of bonding ability, strength and cost-effectiveness. Furthermore, our cement undergoes various quality checks at different stages of production to ensure that it is free from any kind of impurities. We are dealing with all over Refractory manufacturers ,Construction Chemical manufacturers also in Waterproof Material manufacturers.
We manufacture our cement using premium quality bauxite and chemical grade limestone, sourced from certified vendors of the industry. Furthermore, owing to the quality of our products, these are extensively utilized in various refractory and castable units. By delivering cement at our clients' premises within the promised time, we have been able to earn the trust of a rich clients of all over India. Following a policy of 100% advance, we offer convenient payment modes of cash, cheque and DD to clients.
CIMENT FONDU is a calcium aluminate-based hydraulic binder, in contrast to Portland cements, which contain calcium silicates. CIMENT FONDU is the pioneer of alumina cements. All calcium aluminate cements possess the general properties of good refractoriness and high early strength when used alone as the principal hydraulic binder. The latter property is often used in combination with other minerals such as calcium sulfate and/or Portland cement to produce high early strengths and/or shrinkage compensation through the formation of ettringite.
CIMENT FONDU additions to Portland cement will accelerate the initial set from hours to minutes depending on the type and mill of manufactured Portland cement. Fondu Cement in Kenya is a refractory cement that can be used as the primary binder in mortars and concretes exposed to high temperatures. Due to a significant iron oxide content, CIMENT FONDU should not be used in applications where reducing atmospheres are present.
CIMENT FONDU is recommended for applications requiring rapid hardening properties, resistance to abrasion and mechanical shock, resistance to chemical attack and exposure to intermediate temperatures .Calcium aluminate cements do not release Calcium Hydroxide as a hydration product when used as the sole hydraulic compound in a formulation. This imparts good refractoriness, chemical resistance and eliminates the major cause of efflorescence. As a binder, CIMENT FONDU reacts with most organic and mineral additives to achieve exceptional flow with high early compressive strength.
CIMENT FONDU is a very dark gray color. Colorimetry data is available on request.CIMENT FONDU does not contain any additives. CIMENT FONDU does not contain crystalline silica. Added to regular cement, CIMENT FONDU makes it possible to accelerate the hardening of concretes and mortars, for quicker return to operations on small projects (sealing masonry or plumbing elements, etc.).
CIMENT FONDU is also used by tradesmen as an accelerator for Portland cement in rapid-sealing work and minor repairs. Mixtures of CIMENT FONDU and Portland cement must not be used for structural purposes.
There was a brief discussion of Michael's recipe on this forum (**LINK** ) in which one respondent (Vic) reports that the refractory (made to Michaels's recipe 'or something similar' ) became fragile after a few firings. It may be that the devil is in the 'something similar' of course, but I have read elsewhere that Portland cement is less than ideal as a binder for refractories. In the same thread Martin Kyte recommends Ciment Fondu as a binder, and vermiculite as filler, but doesn't give a recipe.
Follow the instructions on the bag and add as much vermiculite (or perlite if you prefer) as you feel you can get away with. It's ages since I did it so I cannot help much more. Two of us built a gas fired pottery kiln at sixth form so that where my expirience came from. 041b061a72